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The 50-acre Esmond preserve contains two sites, known as Esmond 2 and 3, that date from the Late Archaic to the Early to Middle Woodland periods (3000 B.C. – 1000 A.D.). The sites were originally discovered in 2005 during a shovel-test survey done in advance of a residential development project. In addition to the archaeological sites, the property, which is located in the Town of Malta in eastern New York, contains associated wetlands, and the development was under review by several government agencies who recommended preserving as much of the sites and associated wetlands as possible. The property was then donated to the Conservancy by the owners Thomas P. Deveno and Thomas J. Farone.

Archaeological testing has identified the Esmond 2 site as a habitation area containing features and artifacts from the Late Archaic to the Middle Woodland periods, complete with Woodland period ceramic pottery fragments. The Esmond 3 site’s abundance of lithic material, including a significant amount of debitage and discarded broken projectile point preforms, indicates that it was a lithic workshop.

The establishment of the Esmond Preserve demonstrates how the Conservancy serves a unique role in the conservation of America’s most significant archaeological resources. The Stockbridge-Munsee and Saint Regis Mohawk Tribal Historic Preservation Offices, the Army Corps of Engineers, the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation as well as consulting archaeologists
Adam Luscier of Hartgen Archeological Associates, Inc., and Edward Curtin all played an important role in this acquisition.

Summary. Read More  in our Fall 2015 Issue of American Archaeology, Vol. 19 No. 3

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