Creswell Ranch (Arizona)

    Creswell Ranch Petroglyphs
    One of the many petroglyphs at Creswell Ranch. Certain rock art at the site is considered sacred by the Hopi people.

    The Creswell Ranch was purchased in December of 1997. The site lies on the former homestead of Rufus Creswell and his family. The property was a 480 acre in-holding with in Homolovi Ruins State Park. The property contains eight archaeological sites, including petroglyphs, ancient water-control devices, and the ruins of an adobe pueblo. Artifacts associated with the sites suggest they were occupied between A.D. 1250 – 1400. Researchers hope Creswell can help reveal the nature of the movement and arrival of groups in the area during the latter part of  13th Century. The Creswell Ranch was the first site acquired by the Conservancy to have Homolovi material.

    Lange and Chuck Adams, director of the Homolovi Research program,  are excited that the Creswell Ranch sites show a combination of adobe brick and earthen architecture with the more typical stone Masonry. Adobe brick is relatively rare in Southwestern pueblo sites before contact with Europeans, but the little Colorado River valley holds a concentration of this type of architecture.

    Many researchers believe that Hopi people are related to the ancient peoples who might the extensive Homolovi villages. Even today, members of the Hopi villages take pilgrimages to Homolovi to visit their ancestral homeland. During the acquisition process the tribe provided a letter of endorsement for the project. The Conservancy was awarded an Arizona Heritage Fund grant to help acquire the site.

    This site was feature in the very first volume of American Archaeology Magazine, Spring 1997, Vol. 1 No. 1